1. Textured Yarns: ‘Textured’ is a general term for any continuous filament yarn whose smooth straight fibers have been displaced from their closely packed, parallel position by the introduction of some form of crimp, curl, loop or coil.
What are the types of textured yarn?
The following types of textured yarns are distinguished by production method, properties, and use: high-tensile, low-tensile, crimped, loop, shaped, bicomponent, combination, and high-bulk yarns.
What is textured yarn called?
Stretch Yarn – Qualitative term to describe a textured yarn. A stretch yarn develops more stretch than bulk in the finished fabric.
What is texturizing yarn?
Texturing is the formation of crimp, loops, coils, or crinkles in filaments. … Texturizing processes were originally applied to synthetic fibres to reduce such characteristics as transparency, slipperiness, and the possibility of pilling (formation of small fibre tangles on a fabric surface).
What are textured filament yarns?
Textured Filament Yarns—Ray. Helanca yarns are made by twisting continuous filament yarns to high- twist levels, heat setting, and then removing the twist. This is reported to be done in several steps.
What is bulk yarn?
In textile: Textured yarns. Bulking creates air spaces in the yarns, imparting absorbency and improving ventilation. Bulk is frequently introduced by crimping, imparting waviness similar to the natural crimp of wool fibre; by curling, producing curls or loops at various intervals; or by coiling, imparting stretch.
What is textured fabric?
TEXTURE: Is the surface appearance of fabric. Texture is the one element you can see and feel. Texture is found in the thickness and appearance of the fabric. Words that describe texture are: Loopy, fuzzy, furry, soft, shiny, dull, bulky, rough, crisp, smooth, sheer,etc.
What is flat yarn?
Flat yarn is obtained via a processing technique which creates a smooth thread giving garments a fresh silkiness whilst retaining all the technical high-performance of nylon.
What is texturizing what is the need of it?
Texturising or texturizing is the process by which synthetic fibres are modified to change their texture – the physical appearance of the fibre. … Texturising can reduce the “synthetic” appearance of a finished fabric, bringing its appearance closer to that of a natural fibre fabric.
What is crepe yarn?
Crepe yarns are 3-ply producing a rounded yarn that looks like a 2-ply yarn with another ply wrapped around it. The construction of this yarn differs from a typical 3-ply yarn that is spun by taking three single yarns and plying them all together at the same time.
What is simple yarn?
Simple yarns are characterized by uniform size and regular surface. They can be broadly divided into single, ply, cord, and rope yarns. 1. Single yarn is the simplest type of yarn. It is commonly produced by twisting together staple or filament fibres.
What are the advantages of textured yarns?
One of the most important advantages of textured yarn is that it gives good comfort as the result of the air entrapped between the interstices of the yarn. It also provides better pill resistance, dimensional resistance and improved crease resistance. They have fuller and better appearance.
What type of yarns are textured in chemical Texturising?
Textured yarn has thus improved softness, bulk and covering capacity, enhanced heat retention and an elasticity matched to its ultimate application. Thermoplastic yarns, like Polyamides and Polyester, are especially suitable for texturing.
What is textured polyester?
A group of polymers that consist basically of repeated units of an ester and are used especially in making fibers or plastics. Filament fibers can be monofilament, which is a single fiber, or they can be twisted together to form multifilament yarns.
What is yarn classification?
The three basic classifications of textile yarn include staple fiber yarn, which uses mostly short natural fibers to make yarn; ply yarns, which involve one or more strands of staple fiber yarn wound together; and filament yarn, which is wound from one or more long continuous filaments.