Why is my fabric puckering when I sew?

Tension pucker is caused while sewing with too much tension, thereby causing a stretch in the thread. After sewing, the thread relaxes. As it attempts to recover its original length, it gathers up the seam, causing the pucker, which cannot be immediately seen; and may be noticeable at a later stage.

What tension should my sewing machine be on?

The dial settings run from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is generally the ‘default’ position for normal straight-stitch sewing. This should be suitable for most fabrics. If you are doing a zig-zag stitch, or another stitch that has width, then you may find that the bobbin thread is pulled through to the top.

What causes puckering?

Puckering is usually caused by one or more of the following conditions: Yarn Displacement (structural jamming of fabric yarns). Tension Puckering (excessive thread tension and recovery). Machine Puckering (uneven ply feeding).

How do you stop puckering?

You can stop the machine and stick a layer of tear-away stabilizer underneath your hooped fabric then resume stitching. This extra layer of stabilizer may be the solution to fixing the puckering while it’s happening. After a project is complete, puckering can sometimes be minimized with a good ironing.

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How do I know if my bobbin tension is correct?

The thread should unwind just slightly and the bobbin case should drop an inch or two. If the thread unwinds without resistance and the case slips to the floor, your bobbin tension is too loose. If the bobbin case doesn’t budge, your bobbin tension is too tight.

What tension should I use for cotton?

Cotton requires a moderate tension setting, usually between three and four. Always start adjusting your tension settings with your upper tension.

Why does my sewing machine keep catching?

The reason for the problem could be lint, dust and other debris getting stuck in their mechanism. The solution: Stop work, lift the presser foot and thoroughly clean the fee dogs from any debris. Also, make sure that they are lifted up in a raised position allowing for a proper grip of the fabric.

How do you adjust thread tension?

You should see a small screw on the flat/closed side of the bobbin case. Turning the screw a tiny bit counterclockwise will loosen the bobbin tension; turning it clockwise will tighten the tension.

Why is my bobbin winding loosely?

If your bobbin does not wind quickly and smoothly when you press on your foot pedal, your bobbin winder might not be fully engaged. This can cause uneven winding. Make sure you push your bobbin pin all the way over or loosen your bobbin wheel completely to engage your bobbin winding mechanism.

Why is my thread bunching up on the bottom?

A: Looping on the underside, or back of the fabric, means the top tension is too loose compared to the bobbin tension, so the bobbin thread is pulling too much top thread underneath. By tightening the top tension, the loops will stop, but the added tension may cause breakage, especially with sensitive threads.

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What tension should I use for thin fabric?

Use size 70/10 for really thin cotton like voile, size 80/12 for light to medium weight cotton, and 90/14 for thick cotton like denim.