Nierikas (pronounced Near-eeka) are traditional yarn paintings made by the Huichol people. Natural glue, made from tree resin and beeswax, is applied to a board, and yarn is pressed into it and left to harden. The designs and symbols on the Nierikas are based on their myths, stories and personal daily activities.
What is the cultural significance of yarn painting?
What is the cultural significance of yarn painting? The yarn paintings portray the Huichol belief that people are connected to nature and all living things. These spiritual artworks are part of the rituals the Huichols participate in on a regular basis, and they begin learning them at a very young age.
What is a yarn painting called?
Yarn paintings are literally what they sound like, paintings made of yarn. Originally yarn paintings were from the Huichol Native Americans. Almost all Native Americans did not have a written language. … The Huichol had different ways of doing this but developed a unique way of using dyed yarn and resin to make pictures.
Where does yarn painting come from?
The History of Huichol Yarn Paintings: Huichol Yarn Painting comes from the Huichol (pronounced “wee chol”) Indian people, who live in western Mexico in the Sierra Madre mountain range. The yarn paintings traditionally depict Huichol myths and ceremonies, but modern works can represent stories of today’s world.
What is a Mexican Huichol?
The Huichol or Wixárika are an indigenous people of Mexico and the United States living in the Sierra Madre Occidental range in the states of Nayarit, Jalisco, Zacatecas, and Durango, as well as in the United States in the states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
What does the Huichol art represents?
Here’s the most interesting part: Huichol art means direct communication with their deities. When ceremonial pieces are made, all aspects from materials to colors are important as they’re related to particular gods. Known as the Father of Sun, Tatewari represents the earth and the wood of the Brazil tree.
What is a Nearika?
A small square or round tablet with a hole in the center is a nierika (nearika) or sacred magical offering. These tablets are covered on one or both sides with a mixture of beeswax and pine resin into which threads of yarn are pressed. Nierikas are found in all Huichol sacred places such as temples, springs and caves.
What is the use of the Ojo de Dios?
The Ojo de Dios or God’s eye is a ritual tool that was believed to protect those while they pray, a magical object, and an ancient cultural symbol evoking the weaving motif and its spiritual associations for the Huichol and Tepehuan Americans of western Mexico.
How do you make Huichol yarn art?
Huichol paintings are made with beeswax spread on wood, then left to warm in the sun. The artist then scratches his design into the wax with a sharpened stick. The lines of the drawing are then filled in by patiently twisting and coiling colored yarns.
What is Huichol bead art?
Huichol (pronounciation) art dates back millennia and is created by the Huichol people of Mexico. Using intricate design, vibrant color and sacred symbols, the art has been a representation of visions seen by Huichol shamans. … Traditionally, in this type of Huichol art, glass beads or yarn is applied with bees wax.
What are the Huichol famous for?
The Huichol people of Jalisco, Durango, Zacatecas and Nayarit, Mexico, known in their native language as Wixáritari, are globally recognised for their fantastically intricate, spiritually significant and brilliantly colourful bead and string folk art, which command high prices and even higher respect.
What do the artists use to paint in Nayarit Mexico?
Huichol Yarn Painting (24″ x 24″) Mexican Indigenous Art
This painting was made with colored yarn applied with a natural adhesive mixture of beeswax and pine resin…
Why was Mexican folk art created?
Mexican handcrafts and folk art is a complex collection of items made with various materials and fashioned for utilitarian, decorative or other purposes, such as wall hangings, vases, toys and items created for celebrations, festivities and religious rites.