Knit fabrics can generally be stretched to a greater degree than woven types. The two basic types of knits are the weft, or filling knits—including plain, rib, purl, pattern, and double knits—and the warp knits—including tricot, raschel, and milanese.
How is knit fabric constructed?
Unlike a woven fabric, which is composed of a series of warp (lengthwise) yarns interlaced with a series of weft (crosswise) yarns, a knit fabric is made up of one or more yarns formed into a series of loops that create rows and columns of vertically and horizontally interconnected stitches.
How many types of knit fabrics are there?
There are two basic varieties of knit fabric: weft-knit and warp-knit fabric. Warp-knitted fabrics such as tricot and milanese are resistant to runs, and are commonly used in lingerie.
What 2 basic methods are used to construct knitted fabrics?
The two basic methods of constructing knits are weft (or filling) knits and warp knits. Each method produces a variety of types of knit fabrics.
What is knitwear made from?
The feature of knitwear is that it can stretch as you like due to the loops, which can change the size and shape. The main raw materials for knit fabrics are silk, linen, cotton, wool, viscose, rayon and more. Manufacturers add various synthetic materials to achieve the best combination of quality and durability.
What is knit structure?
Knitted structures are composed of interlocking yarn loops with an anisotropic structure. … Yarn loops can move across each other in the structure, and knitted fabrics are elastic and easy to shape. Lines of tying knots of weft-and-warp-knitted fabrics are perpendicular to each other.
What are the process of knitting?
Knitting is a process of using long needles to interlink or knot a series of loops made by one continuous thread. Each loop or knot connects to another one, and when enough loops have been made, the result is a flat piece of material called a textile.
What are the types of knitting?
The two basic types of knits are the weft, or filling knits—including plain, rib, purl, pattern, and double knits—and the warp knits—including tricot, raschel, and milanese.
What are the two types of knitting?
In knitting, there are two basic styles of technique: the English method and the German or Continental method. The only real difference lies in how the yarn is held. With the English method, the working yarn is held in the right hand; with the Continental method, it is held in the left.
How do you identify a knitted structure?
Usually looks same on fabric’s face and reverse, making it reversible. Fancy double knits may have novelty stitch on fabric’s face and fine ribs on reverse. Properties: Heavy, firm; usually has almost no stretch in either direction. Good shape retention; cut edges don’t curl.
How is jersey knit made?
Jersey can be made by hand or on flat and circular knitting machines. Jersey knits are made from the basic knitting stitch, in which each loop is drawn through the loop below it. The rows of loops form vertical lines, or wales, on the face of the fabric and crosswise rows, or courses, on the back.
What are knit fabrics?
Knit fabric is a textile that results from interlocking yarn together with long needles. Knit fabric falls into two categories: weft knitting and warp knitting. Weft knitting is a fabric knit in which the loops run back and forth, while warp knitting is a fabric knit in which the loops run up and down.
What is interlock knit?
in•ter•lock [intərˈläk] : Interlock fabric is a variation of rib knit construction. Similar to a jersey knit except both front and back of the fabric look identical. Double knit construction makes this a thicker knit fabric. read more » The fabric is extremely soft, firm and absorbent.
What is looper knit?
In loop knitting, long, dangling loops are introduced into the middle of a knitted fabric or along an edge (fringe border). … An overall array of such loops may be used to give a “shaggy” look to the fabric and/or make it warmer, e.g., tufting the inside of mittens.
Do all knits stretch?
Knit fabric has its fibers knitted or looped together causing the fabric to have some elasticity. They can further have Lycra or Spandex fibers added for even more stretch. Knit fabric can vary in its thicknesses and the amount of stretch.
What is stitch density in knitting?
Stitch density is the number of stitches per unit area, obtained by multiplying the number of courses per inch (25 mm) by the number of wales per inch (25 mm). Like woven fabrics, a knit fabric also has a technical face and a technical back and can differ in appearance on each side.